Id.jsmalfamart.com – In the last two years, you may often hear the term Stock Savings which is being promoted by the government.
Or even you have been directly invited to follow it with the lure of doubled profits.
However, do you already know what stocks are and how to get them in order to get these benefits?
Check out this article for a full review. Don’t worry, there are no strange or complicated terms, because basically stock investing is very easy to understand.
Shares are securities that show ownership of a company. Because it is proof of ownership, the shares can be transferred through buying and selling transactions,
so that the owner can benefit from the difference between the selling price and the purchase price (Capital Gain).
In addition, shareholders can also get a share of the company’s profits,
based on the proportion of the number of shares owned compared to the total number of shares outstanding. The profit of this company is called
“dividends” and are usually distributed annually by the issuing company. The company that issues shares is a company incorporated as a Limited Liability Company (PT).
However, not all Limited Liability Companies own shares that can be traded freely on the exchange.
Limited companies that require an injection of fresh funds must go through the Initial Public Offering (IPO) process in order to be listed on the stock exchange.
How to Get Shares
Potential investors can get shares in various ways. Among these alternatives, the three most popular ways to acquire shares are:
Distribution of shares to employees.
A number of companies seek to increase the loyalty of their employees by distributing shares as bonuses or benefits.
As long as the shares are still owned, employees are entitled to receive dividends.
However, usually employees who acquire shares in this way cannot freely resell the shares they own,
because there may be a rule that shares can only be resold to the company.
Purchase of shares during the book-building period (before IPO)
In the period leading up to the IPO, companies that will be listed on the stock exchange cooperate with securities companies (brokers/stock brokers) to distribute prospectuses.
This prospectus contains a summary of the company’s latest financial statements, details of the line of business, how many shares are pocketed by the main shareholders and how many are released to the stock exchange, as well as various other important information.
If you have read the prospectus and think that this company has good potential to continue to grow in the future, then you can place an order with a broker.
The trick is to open a securities account at the broker in question, then after registration is complete, convey your desire to order shares that will be IPO and send funds in the appropriate amount.
Buy and sell shares on the stock exchange.
Similar to number two, to be able to trade shares on the stock exchange, you must first open a securities account with a securities company (broker/stock broker).
The difference is that the book-building period is very limited (average between 1-4 weeks), while buying and selling shares on the stock exchange can be done at any time during stock exchange working hours.
Purchases during the book-building period can only be made by ordering through a broker. However, if you wish to acquire shares that are already on the exchange,
then you can make transactions yourself on the trading platform that is used online, it doesn’t have to be done with an intermediary broker.
So, what alternative way of getting shares do you take? If you are not an employee of a registered company,
then the first alternative obviously cannot be taken. So, you can only invest in stocks by buying during book-building or after stocks are freely traded on an exchange.
Regardless of whether you are going to buy shares that have just been IPOed or have been officially listed on the stock exchange, one thing that should not be forgotten is that you must first analyze the company’s performance.
Don’t let you “buy a cat in a sack” or not know the business conditions of the company whose shares you bought.
Profits from stock investments can be obtained if the company’s stock price increases (Capital Gain) or if the company distributes large dividends.
And these two conditions will only be achieved if the company’s performance continues to improve in the future.
On the other hand, if the company turns out to be stagnant or even collapses because it bears too large a debt, then it is not impossible that your investment will also be forfeited.
To avoid such conditions, it is important for you to know which stocks have the greatest potential for losses.