The Indonesian flag has a philosophical meaning. Red means courage, while white means purity. In addition, the red color is said to symbolize the human body, while the white color symbolizes the human soul. The two colors are complementary and perfect for Indonesia. According to Sukarno, the two colors came from the creation of man, namely, red, which is the blood of a woman, and white, which is the color of sperm. In addition, according to him, the land of the archipelago is red, while the sap of the plant is white, and the Javanese have been serving red and white porridge for hundreds of years.
The Indonesian flag was inspired by the colors of the flag of the Majapahit Kingdom, which at that time had nine red and white stripes consisting of five red and four horizontal white stripes.
The flag of Majapahit at that time was called Sang Saka Getih-Getah Samudra or also called Sang Saka Coconut Sugar, and it was carried as a sign of victory for the Raden Wijaya forces in the first battle against the forces of the Yuan Dynasty from China.
In the blind inscription, Sang Saka Getih-Getah Samudra is first recorded in 1292, five years older than Monaco. That is why Monaco agreed to use the red and white colors in the same situation on the flags of the two countries.
indonesia and monaco flags
Indonesia and Monaco are two countries that share the same red and white flag. Historically, Monaco wondered why Indonesia used the red and white flag. The small western European country claimed to have used the red and white flag first.
According to American flags, the flag of Monaco was officially ratified as the national flag on April 4, 1881. This inauguration took place under the government of then Prince of Monaco Charles III.
Far from the opening, the red and white cloni have been used for the flag of Monaco since 1297. Francesco Grimaldi, of Italian descent, succeeded in gaining independence from the colony of Genoa in 1297.
The state symbol was formed to represent the territory of the Grimaldi dynasty, which was called the House of Grimaldi. With the motto Deo Juvante, which means God’s help in Latin.
There are a series of diamond patterns in the symbol and this is the origin of identifying the colors of the Monaco flag. The red and white colors are actually taken from the colors of the Genoese flag, which is the cross of the saint. George.
This is where the origin of Monaco claims that the flag of its country is the oldest in the world, that is, in 1297.
Meanwhile, Indonesia officially used the red and white flag at the moment of independence on August 17, 1945.
Despite the congruence, there are still differences between the flags of Indonesia and Monaco, one of which is the relative dimension.
Launched from worldatlas.com, the Indonesian flag has an aspect ratio of 2:3, while the ratio of the Indonesian flag is 4:5. This makes the Indonesian flag appear taller and thinner than the flag of Monaco. The flag of Monaco appears wider and closer to a square.
red and white flag size
The size of the red and white flags will vary depending on the use or where the red and white flags will be installed. So, what is the correct size of the red and white flag as per the provisions of the legislation in Indonesia? Check out the full information below.
The size of the red and white flag is legal
The regulation of the size of the red and white flag is determined by the government through the Republic of Indonesia Law No. 24 of 2009 regarding the country’s flag, language and emblem, as well as the national anthem. The law contains provisions on the regulation of the red and white flag, including provisions on the size of the red and white flag.
Based on Article 4, it is stated that the provisions of the Indonesian state flag or the red and white flag are rectangular in shape with a width of 2/3 (two thirds) of the length. And the upper part is red and the lower part is white, and they both have the same size. The red and white flag must be made of fabric that does not fade.
The provisions for the size of the red and white flag in accordance with Law No. 24 of 2009 are as follows:
- Size of the red and white flag for use in the Presidential Palace Square: 200cm x 300cm.
- Size of the red and white flag for use in public areas: 120cm x 180cm.
- The size of the indoor red and white flag is 100cm x 150cm.
- Size of the red and white flags for use in the vehicles of the President and Vice President: 36 cm x 45 cm.
- Size of the red and white flag for use in vehicles of state officials: 30 cm x 45 cm.
- Size of the red and white flag for public transport use: 20cm x 30cm.
- Size of the red and white flag for use on ships: 100cm x 150cm.
- Size of the red and white flag for use on trains: 100cm x 150cm.
- Size of the red and white flag for aircraft use: 30cm x 45cm.
- Table red and white flag size: 10cm x 45cm.
In addition, for purposes other than those mentioned above, the red and white flag representing the national flag can be made of different materials and in different sizes.
The purpose of determining the size of the red and white flag
The determination of the size of the red and white flag is certainly not arbitrary. The purpose of determining the size of the red and white flag in accordance with the provisions of Law No. 24 of 2009 is as follows:
- Strengthening the unity and integrity of the nation and the united state of the Republic of Indonesia.
- To preserve the honor that shows the sovereignty of the nation and the united state of the Republic of Indonesia.
- To establish order, certainty and standardization to use the state flag or the red and white flag.