Passive Sentences – Definition, Characteristics, Classification of Sentence Types and Examples

Passive sentences – It is not only in English that has a pattern in active and passive words. In fact, friends in Indonesia also find passive and active sentences.

Of course, in a pattern these 2 sentences are very different from other languages. Indonesia has a special pattern, namely to form in two types of words, namely passive and active.

In this discussion, we will convey completely and clearly about Passive Sentences. for a full review, come on… Read on as follows.

What is meant by Passive Sentence?

Indonesia can be interpreted as one of the compulsory subjects included in the state curriculum. Although it has been operating since kindergarten or kindergarten, Indonesian language classes are given to students attending primary school.

In addition, this subject is devoted to a separate study program at the university. Many aspects of Indonesian existence are passive.

As before learning passive comprehension of passive words, it is best for us to include active sentences. An active word is a sentence in which the subject (S) performs an action that can be displayed when the predicate is displayed on the object.

Characteristics of Passive Sentences

The various types of characteristics in this sentence, including the following:

  • The subject is suffering.
  • The predicate is that it has been preceded by ter-, di-, ke-an, ter-kan.
  • The predicate has the form of a personal pronoun (persona).
  • Then the predicate persona (person pronoun) follows the verb that is missing in its origin.
  • Use prompts that indicate possible elements.
  • The objective in the passive is the subject of the active sentence
  • The use of the word “by” in passive words can be removed and does not change the meaning of the sentence.
  • Usually has been identified from a word “with” and “by”.

Classification of Types of Passive Sentences

The various kinds in this sentence are categorized according to their object and predicate, as follows:

1. Types of Sentences According to the Object

a. Intransitive Sentence

An intransitive sentence is a phrase that is not complete with an object and is only accompanied by an explanation or addition. Here are some examples in this sentence:

  • This book is exposed to water at night
  • Tadpoles guarded by the pool

b. Transitive Sentence

Transitive sentences are sentences that contain the object of a sentence, regardless of whether the object contains or adds information. The following are some examples of transitive sentences, including:

  • Boiling water in the mother’s cooking
  • Fruit eaten by Abil
  • Papa’s bike was repaired this afternoon

2. Types of Sentences According to the Predicate

a. Conditional Sentences

The state sentence is the predicate of the sentence in that state or part. Sentence predictions often have additions. Here are some examples of state sentences:

  • Mom was asleep
  • Daddy is sleeping this afternoon

b. Action Sentence

Action Sentences are passive sets based on the form of action. Predictions are often added to additions or to the right. Below are some examples of action sentences:

  • Brothers turn on the lights
  • The pen was bought by his father

Examples of Passive Sentences

  • I was educated at YADIKA SMK Bandar Lampung
  • Password’s laptop was borrowed by a friend
  • Papa made delicious food by mama
  • Mama is very surprised to see the kitchen is messy
  • Ika always sleeps in the afternoon
  • He was devastated by the loss of his girlfriend
  • Abil was dropped by the fruit under the tree earlier
  • Father bought a car by his children
  • You have been deceived by what he said
  • This exam failure is caused by not studying last night
  • Vicana was hit by a bicycle
  • Andi is addicted to mama’s cooking which is very delicious
  • They are also known as indahnya bunga-bunga
  • The accident was caused by faulty brakes
  • He is often bullied by his schoolmates
  • The cat was stepped on by the dog’s tail
  • Mama asked for money by her son
  • a baby will be given a very nice name
  • My bag has been wetted by my friends
  • The orange was thrown at Santi
  • The candy has been swallowed when surprised

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Thus the discussion that we have conveyed in a complete and clear way, namely the Passive Sentence. Hopefully this review, can be useful and beneficial for all of you.

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