Get to know your various skin types and their characteristics – Long before choosing a skincare product, the first thing you need to do is be aware of what your skin style is. Knowing the model of facial and body skin is very important, because this will determine the type of treatment and product you need.

Human healthy skin type

Healthy skin types consist of normal, oily, dry, and combination skin. There are also acne-prone and sensitive skin types, but these two types are usually influenced by various factors, including certain medical conditions on the structure of human skin.

Here are the characteristics of each healthy skin type and how to recognize them.

1. Normal skin

Normal skin is neither very dry nor oily. This skin type has sufficient moisture and elasticity because the skin’s natural oils are evenly distributed, but the oil production is not excessive so the skin does not look shiny.

Normal skin is limited to having a few skin problems or sometimes nothing at all. The skin does not look dull, has an even distribution of color, and the pores are not very large. This skin type is also not easily irritated.

Uniquely, not many people believe that their skin type is normal. This possibility is caused because each owner of normal skin can show different reactions to skin care, age, or other factors.

2. Oily skin

Oily skin is caused by high sebum production. Sebum is a natural oil that protects and maintains skin softness. Oily skin can get worse due to hormonal changes, age, and others.

Owners of oily skin type usually have problems with large pores, acne, blackheads, and homogeneous cases that cause colored patches on the skin. Almost all parts of the face look shiny implication of excess oil.

If left untreated, large pores can become clogged and cause breakouts. Owners of oily skin are advised to wash their face twice a day, avoid scrub cleansers, and choose skin care products labeled as non-comedogenic.

3. Dry skin

Dry skin is usually caused by external factors such as dry air, long bathing habits, and exposure to chemicals in skin cleaning products. This skin type can also be owned by people who experience hormonal changes or are starting to age.

The typical characteristics of dry skin are very small pores, the presence of reddish patches, and the appearance of the skin that tends to be dull. Dry skin also usually feels tight, has more visible lines, and is also prone to itching and irritation.

Very dry skin can become rough, cracked, and scaly, especially on the back of the hands and feet. Dry skin that is not treated can become inflamed and moreover develop into eczema.

4. Combination skin

Combination skin is a combination of several skin types and is the most common skin type. Its distinctive characteristic is that certain areas of the skin feel oily, while other areas are normal, dry, or even more sensitive.

The part of the skin that is usually oily is the T-Zone which consists of the forehead, nose, and chin. That’s when the dry skin is around the eyes and mouth. Cheeks can be dry or oily, depending on how much sebum is being produced.

Owners of combination skin also face cases similar to oily skin, namely large pores, blackheads, and skin that looks shiny. However, your acne case may not be as bad as if you have oily skin.

How is it different from sensitive skin types?

Sensitive skin is different from the other four skin types. Sensitive skin is basically skin that gets irritated easily. Owners of sensitive skin can have normal, oily, dry, or combination skin.

This skin model is prone to itching, sunburn, and cracking. Sensitive skin is also more likely to experience rashes, redness, and allergic reactions due to cosmetic implications. Sometimes, spots and blood vessels may also appear on the surface of the skin.

If you have sensitive skin, identify what triggers irritation or inflammation to prevent skin problems. There are many factors that can cause cases of sensitive skin, but the most common is unsuitable skincare products.

How to know skin type

The easiest way to understand your skin type is to pay attention to its characteristics. Observe how soft, supple, and supple your skin is to see if it has enough moisture.

Not only that, pay attention to how sensitive your skin is to changes in weather, dry air, and exposure to warm and cold water. If your skin reacts to even small changes, it could mean that your skin is dry or sensitive.

If your skin mood changes easily, here are some simple questions to help you identify your skin type.

1. What does your skin texture look like after you wash your face?

a. Rough and tight
b. Chewy and soft
c. Slightly oily
d. Oily in some areas

2. How often do you experience great success?

a. Almost never
b. Seldom
c. Routine
d. Only in T-zone

3. What is your general skin texture like?

a. Soft and transparent (can see blood vessels)
b. Strong and even
c. Uneven and a little rough
d. Combination of everything

4. What is your skin texture like during the day?

a. Scaly and cracked
b. Clean and fresh
c. Shiny all over the face
d. Shiny in T-zone

Now, count how many answers a, b, c, and d you have. Many answers a signify dry skin. Answer b indicates normal skin. Answer c is a characteristic of oily skin, while d is a sign of combination skin.

Recognizing skin style plays an important role as a guide for skin care. This is because skin care that is not adjusted can actually cause breakouts, skin irritation, or even premature aging.

So, pay attention to what color, texture, and moisture your skin looks like before you buy any product. That way, your skin will get nutrients and functions that are tailored to its type.

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