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Home NEW Difference Between Compounds And Mixtures – Definition, Types, Examples

Difference Between Compounds And Mixtures – Definition, Types, Examples

Difference Between Compound And Mixture – Did you know that compounds and mixtures are very different in each of them, starting from the meaning, types, benefits, even examples of each being very different. So for more details, see the explanation that will be described below in detail and straightforward.

Definition

Before going to the point, it helps us to know the meaning of each – each. They are as follows:

1. Mixture

A material which is formed from a combination of two or more different substances, without the aid of a chemical reaction and can be separated physically is called a mixture.

Mixtures have different forms for certain phases, ranging from solids, liquids, and gases, which can be used by all living things in the world.

2. Compound

A pure substance which is formed from two or more elements, which can be translated back into the constituent elements of this chemical reaction so that it is called a compound.

Compounds also have different states with respect to some phases, but most compounds are in a solid-like state.

On the other hand, a molecular compound is another form where it is a liquid or a gas. All compounds will be redefined into smaller forms (Individual Atoms), if heated at a certain temperature.

Also read: Solids

Type – Type (Form)

After knowing each – each meaning of the two, here are also each – each type is:

1. Mixed Type

Mixtures have 2 types of forms, namely:

A. Homogeneous Mix

An amalgamation of two or more substances, which have no different properties between the two. After the chemical reaction process occurs, then the two substances will melt into one part only.

Here is an example:

  • Sulfuric Acid (H2, So4)
  • Air (O2, Co2, N2, and H2O)
  • Acetic Acid (Ch3, Co, OH)

B. Heterogeneous Mixture

A merger between two or more substances, and can still be seen the difference in the original properties between the two. After the chemical reaction occurs, the properties of these two substances cannot be combined.

Here is an example:

  • Pasir which has been mixed together Air
  • Air which has been mixed together Oil

2. Type / Form of Compound

In the compound there are 2 forms in it, which are as follows:

A. Inorganic Compounds

A compound that is not composed of carbon atoms which is the main component. Besides, it also does not form complex molecular bonds, because these inorganic compounds can be found in the natural world.

Here is an example:

  • Carbon dioxide (Co2)
  • Oxygen (O2)
  • Nitric Acid (Hn03)
  • Sodium Chloride (NaCl)

B. Organic Compounds

A compound composed of the element carbon where as the main component, usually this compound can be formed because it comes from living things or organisms together with certain elements, and does not retain the basic properties of the elements in the process of preparation.

Here is an example:

  • garam (NaCl)
  • Urea (CO(NH2)2)
  • Granulated Sugar (C12H22011)

Difference Between Mixture And Compound

Here are some differences in each of them both in compounds and mixtures:

1. Mixture

  • The formation can’t be done with the process Chemical reaction.
  • The ratio of the components which compose the formation of the mixture, is erratic and arbitrary.
  • Will not lose its original properties in its constituent components.
  • Can be broken down again into components – other components which go through the physical process.

2. Compound

  • Forming by process Chemical reaction.
  • The ratio of components which compose the formation of compounds, will always be certain and have fixed properties.
  • The original properties of the constituent components of the compound will be lost.
  • It cannot become other components if it is done by means of a physical process, because it cannot be decomposed again. So it must go through a chemical reaction process

Also read: Definition, Properties and Theory of Acids and Bases in Chemistry

Examples and Benefits

Here are some examples with benefits for each of them:

1. Compound Example

No Compound Chemical Formula Benefit
Air H2O Drink
Sodium hydroxide NaOH Dryer
Sucrose C12H22O11 Sweetener
Sulfuric acid H2SO4 Electrolyte
Urea CO(NH2)2 Fertilizer
Hydrochloric acid HCl Floor cleaner
Magnesium Hydroxide M Acid Antidote
Aspirin C9H8O4 Pain Reduction
Baking soda NaHCO3 Making Bread
carbon dioxide CO2 Beverage Refresher
Calcium carbonate CaCO3 Building material
Ascorbic Acid C6H8O6 Vitamin C
Ammonia NH3 Cooler
Acetic acid CH3COOH Food Vinegar
Sodium Chloride NaCl Kitchen Salt

2. Mixed Example

Mixed Name Compounding Substance Benefit
Sugar syrup Water & Sugar Beverage Ingredients
Coffee Water Water & Coffee Beverage Ingredients
White gold Gold, Silver, Copper Jewelry Material
Brass Copper, Zinc Ornament Material
Bronze Copper, Zinc, Tin Medal Material
Syrup Water, Sugar, and Coloring Beverage Ingredients
Stainless stell Besi, Krom, Nickel Kitchen Appliance Material, Medical Device
Tenol Lead Cable Connectors on Soldering Tools
Air O2, CO2, N2 dan H2O Breathing of Living Beings
What is meant by compound?

A pure substance which is formed from two or more elements, which can be broken down again into constituent elements for the chemical reaction of these substances.

What is meant by homogeneous mixture?

An amalgamation of two or more substances, which have no different properties between the two. After the chemical reaction process occurs, then the two substances will melt into one part only.

What is the difference between a solution and a compound?

Solution is one form of a mixture of substances, which consists of several substances, namely elements or compounds. That way, the properties of the dissolved substance will not be lost. While a compound is a combination of several elements which form a material that will be more complex than the elements.

Also read: Definition, Benefits and Formulas of Bauxite in Chemistry

Thus the discussion of this article regarding the Differences in Compounds and Mixtures, may be useful and become new knowledge for all of you, especially the readers.

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