18+ Types of Painting Equipment from Brushes, Paints and Media Used

Painting tools are tools used when painting which are divided into various forms ranging from brushes, paints to painting media.

Each of these elements has its own function to visualize ideas through paintings that will be made.

The term painting equipment, in this context, refers to the common tools that painters usually use.

However, depending on the technique used, whether the initial painting form was made from a pencil first or maybe it was made directly using a brush.

That is, you must first prepare the painting equipment and tools below before doing painting activities, especially beginners.

And for those of you who are looking for complete drawing equipment, drawing equipment for beginners, media for drawing and so on, read this article until the end.

18+ Types of Painting Tools from Brushes, Paints to Painting Media

Without needing to linger, here are the types of painting equipment used, ranging from painting brushes, painting paints to the media used when painting. Here’s the article:

A. Types of brushes that are widely used in painting

All painting tools used have a central role so that the painting made is good and one of them is a brush.

There are many types of painting brushes and each type has a different function. However, when viewed from the shape of the brush, there are only a few types, including:

1. Painting brush round

Round or painting brush round brush is one of the most flexible and highly ergonomic paint brush types.

This is the reason why this type of brush is widely used watercolorist. It has a slightly rounded shape which allows for greater control over paint flow.

So far, there are two types of round painting brushes in circulation, namely the simple round brush with a rather sharp tip which is used specifically to give fine details to the painting.

Next there is a round brush whose tip is a bit narrower than it is and the shape is rather sharp. This second brush is used to create fine lines and details in certain areas of the painting.

2. Painting brush flat

Next there is a flat painting brush with ferrule or a brush hair tie that is flat, slightly straight and has a slightly flattened end, although some are rectangular.

It is suitable for those of you who want to make smooth contours in paintings or make special details in certain areas of small paintings such as those on the edges.

Thus, the results of the strokes do not look as large as they appear when using a brush round brush on.

FYI, there are three kinds of flat brushes, as shown in the table below

Flat brush type Function
Bright brush The tip shape of this bright brush is slightly curved. The size is also a little shorter. Perfect for adding fine or medium details to a painting
Angel brush One of the main characteristics of the angle brush or brush angular is a flat diagonal shape, which is slightly similar to round brush. The difference is in the flexibility which can be used for various media and paints even though the majority are used for watercolor painting
Filbert brush Ferrule filbert brush is a bit flat but slightly oval with a medium or long tassel which is widely used when making figurative paintings

3. Painting brush fan

The main characteristic of the fan painting brush is in the shape of the tassel which is wide like a fan. Because of this, brushes are sometimes also called fan painting brushes.

The shape of the tip is flat with a lot of hair and is usually used to create paintings with elements of nature or landscapes.

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More specifically it is used to create a leaf effect on the painting. But keep an eye on the amount of hair on the brush for better results.

Why? Because currently there are many types of painting brush tassels that are sold ranging from synthetic or non-synthetic which greatly affect the shape of the painting later.

4. MOP painting brush

The tassel of the MOP painting brush is made of squirrel and sheep fur that has been made in such a way that it can be used as a painting tool.

This means that the bristles on the tip of this painting brush are very fine. Therefore, the majority is used to give the basic color to the painting.

5. Painting brush rigger

The last painting brush is a rigger brush which is sometimes also called a liner brush with a pointed or pointed tip.

However, the shape of the tip can be flat or square. If the shape is slightly slanted, it is called a Sword brush with the same characteristics.

The majority are used to provide fine and thin details in paintings including to write letters and numbers in paintings.

However, some painters often use brushes to sign their works.

Oh yes, one of the advantages of this painting brush is its paint capacity. So, even though the tip is small, the paint is absorbed quite a lot. So be careful when using it.

B. The Most Popular Types of Painting Paints

In addition to brushes, one of the painting tools or painting equipment that is also a must-have is painting paint. Without painting paint, of course the brush you bought is useless.

There are many types of painting paints, starting from the most common ones such as watercolors and oil paints. Including acrylic paint, posters, textiles to spray paint. Here’s the review:

1. Acrylic paint

First there is acrylic paint which is a multipurpose painting paint and is usually used to give a subtle touch to a painting.

Including for coloring, giving water effects and so on. This form of paint is quite smooth and light with good pigment quality.

Color strength and durability are also good. So it is suitable to be applied on all contrasting surfaces such as watercolor paper and canvas.

What about the dryness level? Quite fast compared to others. You can also buy it in various forms such as those in tubes with varying viscosities.

FYI, acrylic itself is a type of paint whose base material is also water with a slightly more concentrated texture.

2. Cat air

Next there is watercolor which is a translucent paint with binding pigment properties. Because the basic ingredient is water, there are diluent properties in it.

This means that in this paint, there is a color pigment suspended in water until it dries with a fairly good level of fluidity and transparency.

The majority are used by painters to make transparent paintings, although they have some drawbacks, especially when used on media such as paper.

Thus, when using this type of paint on paper, the painting made will be damaged or torn more quickly.

3. Oil Paint

Oil paint is one type of oil-based paint with high resistance and a more rosy painting result.

In addition, one of the advantages of using oil paint is its ability to blend with the surface used for painting.

However, it takes a little longer for the ink to dry. In the end, the painter needed extra time to finish his painting.

Therefore, this type of paint is mostly used by professional painters with a gradual nature of work.

However, there are also oil paints that can be mixed with water. When mixed, there is an additional emulsifying effect with elasticity and sheer dilution.

4. Cat poster

It’s a bit similar to the watercolor I described above because the base material is also water, although it’s a little more concentrated.

When compared to acrylic, the opaque level of poster paint is almost the same even though the resulting strokes are thicker.

Usually used for painting with paper media because of its high dryness, such as acrylic paint.

5. Cat Encaustic

Encaustic is a wax-based paint with a strong color pigment. The use of this paint is also quite versatile.

FYI, this type of paint has no solvent. That is, its resistance to moisture is quite high, aka durable.

It is suitable for painting on a strong surface such as wood or other desired equipment.

6. Textile paint

Besides being able to be used as a basic material for making pictures on clothes, it can also be used for painting activities.

It is suitable for painting with cloth surfaces. FYI, there is water in this paint which acts as a thinner.

What about the dryness level? Does it dry quickly or vice versa? It depends on the fabric used. However, the majority of this paint dries quickly.

7. Cat Gouache

Gouache which is sometimes also called gouache paint is a paint that is easily soluble in water and is not see-through.

Usually used to give a basic color to the painting so that the initial paper color is not visible.

The base material is lime so it absorbs light quickly and can be diluted with water even though the color pigment it produces is strong.

Unfortunately, if you use this type of paint, the dryness level is quite long and it is not resistant to moisture.

8. Spray paint

Finally there is spray paint, which is sometimes also called spray, pilox or the other and is used by spraying.

Thus, if you use this type of paint, you don’t need a brush and the majority are used in making graffiti or murals.

C. The names of painting media for artists

The last painting equipment is the media. Media, in this context, refers to the place where the painting is made.

In addition, the word place can also refer to where the paint is placed, mixed so that it can be used in painting.

Without further ado, the following are presented various media used in painting, including:

1. Palette

According to the KBBI, a palette is a tool used by painters to place paint, in the form of a plate in the form of a shield.

Thus, this palette is a place where the painter mixes paint before applying other media such as paper or canvas.

When looking for a quick palette to support painting activities, try to use a smooth surface.

Why? Because the surface can not absorb oil or paint. Thus, pallets are more durable and not easily damaged.

2. Easel

Easel, in this context, refers to the backing board used to hold the canvas or the paper used when painting.

Because it is a support board, there are legs. The shape of the easel is not perpendicular but rather tilted and the support panel can be raised and lowered as desired.

3. Drawing paper

Then there is paper which is one of the most used elements in drawing. The use of drawing paper is not arbitrary.

That is, you can’t use the paper you used to write when you went to school to paint because it’s less thick.

The main characteristic of painting paper on the pores and high thickness with a white base color or the other.

4. Canvas

The next painting medium is a canvas made of thin or thick cloth and is used as a specialty when painting.

Just like paper where the shape of the fabric is somewhat porous even though the canvas already has a layer of white base paint.

The majority of canvases are used for painting with oil paints because of their high thickness especially during coloring.

5. Wall

The last painting media is a wall, whether it’s a house wall, public facility or other wall that does not disturb others.

The majority are used in making murals, graffiti or other interior designs to beautify a building.


The above equipment is a must-have for painters but can be adjusted to the existing equipment at that time.

For example, you make one painting, but only have one brush, paint and painting paper. No problem, the important thing is that you can take advantage of all these tools.

But, it’s a good idea to have all of the above equipment so that the painting is more complete. Or, you can make your own if possible.

Thus the article 18+ types of painting equipment from brushes, paints to media. Hopefully this article can be useful for you. ***

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